Chinese has more than 5000 years of heritage. I am only touching a drop in the ocean. The following photo is a novelty way to represent the structure of emperors in many dynasties.
Most social values are derived from Confucianism and Taoism. Confucian thought focuses on the cultivation of virtue and maintenance of ethics, and the importance of the family and social harmony.
Taoism is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony. Taoist ethics in general tend to emphasize Naturalness: simplicity and spontaneity. The Three Treasures are: Compassion, Frugality, and Humility.
The ancient written standard was Classical (Traditional) Chinese. It was used for thousands of years. The modern standard is Simplified Chinese. As for spoken language, there are multiple dialects in different regions of China. The Reformers established a Beijing-based Mandarin as a national spoken language.
The music, dance, acrobat, Kungfu, Tai chi, arts, ceramic, architecture, and cuisine also play major roles in Chinese heritage.